Sunday, May 24, 2020

Biography of Grigori Rasputin

Rasputin was a self-proclaimed ‘Mystic’ who gained great influence over the Russian royal family because they believed he could cure their son’s hemophilia. He caused chaos in the government and was murdered by conservatives seeking an end to his humiliations. His actions played a small part in the onset of the Russian Revolution. Early Years Grigori Rasputin was born into a peasant family in Siberian Russia in the late 1860s, although the date of his birth is uncertain, as is the number of siblings, even those who survived. Rasputin told stories and kept his facts confused. He claimed he developed mystical skills at age 12. He went to a school but failed to become academic, and after adolescence earned the name ‘Rasputin’ for his actions drinking, seducing and engaging in crime (violence, theft, and rape). It derives from the Russian for ‘dissolute’ (although supporters claim it derives from the Russian word for crossroads, as his village and his reputation is unwarranted).Around the age of 18, he married and had three surviving children. He may have experienced some sort of religious epiphany and traveled to a monastery, or (more likely) he was sent as a punishment by the authorities, although he didn’t actually become a monk. Here he encountered a sect of masochistic religious extremist s and developed the belief that you became closest to God when you had overcome your earthly passions and the best way to achieve this was through sexual exhaustion. Siberia had a strong tradition of extreme mysticism which Grigori fell straight into. Rasputin had a vision (again, possibly) and then left the monastery, married, and began to travel around Eastern Europe working as a mystic who claimed prophecy and healing while living off donations before returning to Siberia. Relationship with the Tsar Around 1903 Rasputin arrived in St. Petersburg, near a Russian court that was deeply interested in the esoteric and the occult. Rasputin, who combined a dirty, scruffy appearance with piercing eyes and evident charisma, and who proclaimed himself a wandering mystic, was introduced to court by members of the church and the aristocracy, who were looking for holy men of common stock who would appeal to the court, and who would thus boost their own importance. Rasputin was perfect for this, and was first introduced to the Tsar and Tsarina in 1905. The Tsar’s court had a long tradition of holy men, mystics and other esoteric people, and Nicholas II and his wife were heavily involved in the occult revival: a succession of con people and failures went through, and Nicholas thought he was in contact with his dead father.1908 saw arguably the crucial event of Rasputin’s life: he was called to the royal palace while the Tsar’s son was experiencing hemophiliac bleeding. Whe n Rasputin appeared to have aided the boy, he informed the royals that he believed the future of both the boy and the ruling Romanov dynasty were deeply connected to him. The royals, desperate on behalf of their son, felt desperately indebted to Rasputin and allowed him permanent contact. However, it was in 1912 when his position became unassailable, due to a very lucky coincidence: the Tsarina’s son fell almost fatally ill during an accident and then a coach ride and experienced a sudden recovery from a near-fatal tumor, but not before Rasputin was able to telephone through some prayers and claims to have interceded with god.During the next few years, Rasputin lived something of a double life, acting as a humble peasant while around the immediate royal family, but outside living a debauched lifestyle, humiliating and seducing noble women, as well as drinking heavily and consorting with prostitutes. The Tsar rejected complaints leveled against the mystic, even exiling some of his accusers. Compromising photographs were hushed up. However, in 1911 the dissent became so great Prime Minister Stolypin issued the Tsar with a report on Rasputin’s actions, which prompted the Tsar to bury the facts.  The Tsarina remained both desperate for aid for her son and in Rasputin’s thrall. The Tsar, also afraid for his son, and pleased that the Tsarina was placated, now ignored all complaints.   Rasputin also pleased the Tsar: Russia’s ruler saw in him the sort of simple peasant rusticity they hoped would support them in leading a return to a more old fashioned autocracy. The royal family felt increasingly isolated and welcomed what they thought was an honest peasant friend. Hundreds would come to see him. Even his blackened fingernail clippings were taken as relics. They wanted his magical powers for their ills and his powers over the Tsarina for more earthly issues. He was a legend across Russia, and they bought him many gifts. They were the Rasputinki. He was a huge fan of the phone, and could almost always be reached for advice. He lived with his daughters. Rasputin runs Russia When in 1914 World War I began, Rasputin was in the hospital after he’d been stabbed by an assassin, and he was against the war until he did a U-turn having realized the Tsar was going ahead anyway. But Rasputin began to have doubts about his abilities, he felt he was losing them. In 1915 Tsar Nicholas personally took over the military operations to try and halt Russia’s failings, replacing a man Rasputin had arranged to have replaced. He traveled to the front, leaving Alexandria in charge of internal affairs.Rasputin’s influence was now so great he was more than simply the Tsarina’s advisor, and he began to appoint and fire people to and from positions of power, including the cabinet. The result was a carousel which depended entirely on Rasputin’s whims than any merit or status, and a swift succession of ministers who were sacked before they could learn the job. This created massive opposition to Rasputin and undermined the entire ruling Romanov re gime Murder There were several attempts on Rasputin’s life, including a stabbing and soldiers with swords, but they failed until 1916, when supporters of the autocracy—including a Prince, a Grand Duke and a member of the Duma—joined forces to kill the mystic and save the government from any further embarrassment, and stop calls to replace the Tsar. Also crucial to the plot was a personal matter: the ringleader may have been a self-hating gay man who had asked Rasputin to ‘cure’ him, but who became involved in an unusual relationship with him. Rasputin was invited to Prince Yusupov’s house, where he was given a poisoned meal, but as he failed to die immediately he was shot. Although injured Rasputin tried to flee, where he was shot again. Then the group bound Rasputin and threw him into the Neva River. He was twice buried and dug up, before being cremated by a roadside.Kerensky, a man who led the provisional government in 1917 after the revolution replaced the Tsar, and who knew a thing or two about failing to govern the divided nation, said that without Rasputin there would have been no Lenin. This was among the other causes of the Russian Revolution. The Romanov rulers werent just deposed, but executed by the Bolsheviks falling as Rasputin predicted.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Principles Of Scientific Management - 1641 Words

The concept of scientific management was first introduced in the book The Principles of Scientific Management, by F.W. Taylor (1911), eventually forming the concept of the frequently used management technique referred to as Taylorism. This concept revolved around three prime objectives. Taylorism focuses on the achievement of efficiency – by maximizing output per worker through training in scientific methods to establish the â€Å"one best way of executing each motion† (Katia Caldari, 2007); to create direct control of the manufacturing process, by clearly implementing a hierarchical authority; and lastly predictability, through the standardization of tasks by the notion of division of labour (Huczynski, A., Buchanan, D., 2013). Taylor strongly believed in rationalism, the theory that reason forms the basis of knowledge – and his studies, such as the the Time and Motion Studies conducted at Bethlehem Steel (Taylor, 1991), led him to believe that the most rationa l approach to achieving the maximization of productivity in a business, would be through the incorporation of these three concepts (Huczynski, A., Buchanan, D., 2013). However, even though these concepts are arguably advantageous for secondary sector businesses, Taylorism largely ignores the importance certain psychological factors, for instance those emphasized by Frederick Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory or the Them vs. Us mentality. Such psychological factors, according to the Iceberg model (Figure 1), form theShow MoreRelatedPrinciples of Scientific Management1149 Words   |  5 PagesScientific Management is a theory of management that analyzed and synthesized workflows. Its main objective was improving economic efficiency, especially labor productivity. It was one of the earliest attempts to apply science to the engineering of processes and to management. Its development began with Frederick Winslow Taylor in the 1880s and 1890s within the manufacturing industries. Taylor was an American mechanical engineer and a management consultant in his later years. He is often calledRead MoreThe Scientific Principles Of Management838 Words   |  4 PagesWinslow Taylor pioneered the scientific principles of management. The scientific theory of management seeks to establish factors that can improve the productivity of workers. Taylor believed that organizations should optimize the way their employees work rather than have them work as hard as they can. Taylor conducted time and motion studies that showed that individual employees are more efficient than others. This section shall discuss the principles of scientific management and show how the Four SeasonsRead MoreThe Principles Of Scientific Management1262 Words   |  6 PagesManagement has been present in human society dating back to Sumerian temples and the building of the pyramids. However, it was not until early 1900s that the practice of management was given theoretic approaches. Five key management theories have been developed since then: scientific management, structural approach, human relations, systems approach, and contingency. Each approach was developed and influenced by the time period making a significant impact even on today’s modern management principlesRead MoreThe Principles Of Scientific Management3291 Words   |  14 PagesTHE PRINCIPLES OF SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT (TAYLORISM) STUDENT NAME : SOWMITH VATSAVAI ROLL NO : 120908246 BRANCH : INDUSTRIAL AND PRODUCTION ENGG. E-MAIL ID : SOWMITH.V@GMAIL.COM CONTACT NO : 09740459479 INDEX Contents Page No. 1 Fundamentals 2 2 Introduction 5 3 Experimentation 6 4 Principles 9 5 Conclusion 15 6 References 16 â€Æ' 1.Fundamentals of Scientific Management 1.1 Introduction Read MoreThe Principles Of Scientific Management1337 Words   |  6 Pagesa century ago, Frederick Winslow Taylor’s renowned work The Principles of Scientific Management set forth a theory that to this day is subjected to a similar degree of critique and debate to that in the early 20th century. While Taylor’s ideas were evidently influenced by the works of earlier researchers, it is he who is credited as the â€Å"father† of the scientific management movement (Jeacle, 2004, p. 1164). As such, scientific management itself is synonymous with Taylor to the extent that it is commonlyRead MoreThe Principles Of Scientific Management944 Words   |  4 Pagescontinued to promote his principles through lectures at universities as professional societies, leading to his election as president of The American Society of Mechanical Engineers in 1906. That year he was also given an honorary science degree from the University of Pennsylvania. During his presidency he wrote many books documenting his methods for maximum production, including â€Å"Notes on Belting†, â€Å"Piece-rate System†, and his bestselling book â€Å"The Principles of Scientific Management.† He would argue thatRead MorePrinciples of Scientific Management1975 Words   |  8 PagesSince its inception in 1911 Scientific Management has soared to incredible heights, spread across the entire world as an expert`s way to make the most out of the time an employee. Before I begin analysing its use today it`s important to first establish what Scientific Management means. It is defined concisely in the business dictionary as â€Å"an early 20th century school of management thought concerned primarily with the physical efficiency of an individual worker† that â€Å"emphasises the rationalizationRead MoreThe Principles Of Scientific Management2994 Words   |  12 PagesIntroduction Good management can be defined as the optimal use of available resources to increase an organisation s efficiency and effectiveness in meeting its objectives (Garg, 2013). Scientific management has been the dominant model for many years, but its usefulness for meeting modern organisational challenges may be limited. This paper examines the principles of scientific management, the degree to which it is applied in contemporary organisations, its utility for addressing modern challengesRead MoreThe Principles Of Scientific Management3162 Words   |  13 Pagesbeen accepted and adopted in different kinds of organization. And the same era, the Principles of Scientific Management was proposed by Frederick Winslow Taylor in 1911, which has focused on how to work to maximize the benefits to staff, mangers and society, moreover, it also developed some methods of supervision, uniform and work standard. Actually, no matter the scientific management by Taylor or Weber’s management of Bur eaucracy, these theories are provide the foundation for Modernism. GraduallyRead MoreThe principles of scientific management – Summary1128 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿The principles of scientific management – Summary Introduction Taylor started this paper by quoting then  President of the United States,  Theodore Roosevelt. Stating that The conservation of our national resources is only preliminary to the larger question of national efficiency. Taylor pointed out that while a large movement had started to conserve material resources, the less visible and less tangible effects of the wasted human effort was only vaguely appreciated. He argues the necessity

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

How Individuals Can Better Improve Their Writing Skills Essay

Essays on How Individuals Can Better Improve Their Writing Skills Essay The paper "How Individuals Can Better Improve Their Writing Skills" is a great example of an essay on humanitarian. The purpose of this paper is to identify what steps would a prudent goes through in order to improve his or her writing skills. What this paper will try to accomplish is to provide some different methods that can be adopted by people who wish to improve their writing skills as espoused by the academic community.As with many different disciplines, there are three schools of thought in regards to gaining expertise in a given field. As will be highlighted in this paper the merits of direct education as a means of improving one's writing skills will be discussed. Furthermore, a discussion of the strengths of simply practicing as a means of improving one's writing skills will be covered. According to Kanelas et al (1998), it was proposed that performance problems in writing may not be directly related to any competencies such as the understanding of individuals, rather it is the case that individuals simply lack skills or the desire to improve skills. As such one could propose the argument that in order for a prudent writer to improve his or her writing skills would be through would be to be gain knowledge on various writing techniques. This action could theoretically be achieved through self-directed study or classroom instruction.According to Joseph (1998), it is through a process of frequent writing and rewriting with continual feedback that helps individuals improve their skills. As the old Latin adage suggests, discere faciendo or ‘To learn by doing’ is the best method for somebody to improve their writing skills. One could argue that through the constant process of writing and receiving feedback from one’s contemporaries, it would be the case that an individual would hone their skills as an effective writer and as such learn the skills that best suit their needs. In conclusion, it may be the case that there is no simple soluti on as to how an individual can better improve their writing skills, and it may be the case that it is through a combination of both practice and education that would best improve the chances of improving an individual’s writing skills.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Roots of music Essay Example For Students

Roots of music Essay At first the music was abstract and hard to follow but through their discography they developed musical attributes using synthesizers. By the end of the sasss many European artists where using the synthesizer as their foundation and main instrument for their music. Many groups in England made themselves well known in the states by the sasss. Key artists who incorporated heavy synthesizer based music at the time included: Depth Mode, New Order, Tears for Fears, Duran Duran, and many more. Many of these timeless artists became the foundation for the Synch-Pop genre and era. By mid sasss the use of hinderers spread into the music world like wildfire. The electronic method began to roll over into other genres as well as giving birth to new forms of music such as Euro-disco, and electronic trance, as well as house dance music. Music was moving into new territory. Since the sasss many artists and genres adapted the electronic style or method. Hip hop artist began spitting out beats and rhythm to support the flow in their lyrics via electronic loops and subtle backdrops. A lot of hip hop influence originated back in the sasss through the disco club era. Through the sasss IP hop began moving away from the disco style and reforming into a more new subtle electronic feel. Many Dads use this electric feel as their flow, while other artists moved to the underground movement to promote independent music that would solely be promoted by word of mouth rather than the commercial advertisements. Underground music is made up of different genres. A song is considered underground if it isnt legally commercialism. Streaming audio and bedposts make underground music easier to distribute. That been said, the term Underground Music is used I different types of artistic movements. Underground was used in Psychedelic music, to stay away from commercial music and to tell the truth threw music. It was also used with the hippie counter-culture, for drop outs from college , middle class life , free love and cannabis. Modern music uses underground to symbolize those who are doing recordings and shows on their own, and those who are signed to independent small labels. Death metal bands were considered underground because the music was illegal or controversial. Black metal is a form of underground because of the burnings of churches, occult, murders, and Anti- Christian Views. Extreme metal is underground material because of its extreme nature. The Rave and Electronic scene is referred to underground for anything that isnt mainstream and everything is to be kept secret. Post- punk, Indies and Lo-if Punk are considered underground because its free music meaning you can say anything and doesnt cost the artists to spend much money. Underground music is promoted Roots of music By Venom from inside of a car or trunk of a car, for the punk scene. Many place were considered underground material because artists who wanted to stay underground loud rent out the venues to sell their tapes, Cads, or tickets for the next show. Underground Hip-Hop (alternative hip-hop and horoscope) is considered socially conscious, positive, and anti-commercial. Many people refer underground hip-hop to be a mixture of Indies and hip-hop. Whether you listen to popular commercial based music or underground independent music, the two are likely tied together through originating artists and genres. The two have separate methods of advertising their work and growing among fans. However, the two have the same influential upbringing from the past genres and artists.

Saturday, April 4, 2020

Jane Austens Persuasion free essay sample

This paper analyzes the novel Persuasion by Jane Austen. This paper discusses the work Persuasion by Jane Austin. It discusses the central character Anne Elliot and the parallels to Austin?s own character. Comparisons are also made to the works of Wordsworth and Byron and how the upbringing of males and females was carried out in their times. Females being persuaded that their father knew best even on matters of the heart and girls only adventure being that of romantic thought. From the paper: ?Jane Austen?s Persuasion is a study of both the negative and positive effects of the value the text takes as its name. Persuasion by definition is a form of education; an education with a particular point of view designed to change an impressionable individual?s mind. In the modern conception of what is a good and valuable form of education, the individual in question emerges better able to make decisions as the result of education and persuasion. We will write a custom essay sample on Jane Austens Persuasion or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This is along the lines of the famous phrase, ?give a man a fish and he eats for a day, teach a man to fish and he eats for a lifetime.? This conception of education, however, as Ann Astell points out in her essay on the Persuasion, is a highly Romantic notion, a relatively recent development in the history of modern concepts of the human intellect and human intellectual development.?

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Malcolm X - Biography (for class-presentation)

Malcolm X - Biography (for class-presentation) Warning: I'm a german student.Be aware of mistakes.Thank you.These are my notes about Malcolm X when I do a presentation about him.Malcolm XBirth: May 9th 1925 in Omaha/NebraskaMother: born on Grenada and grew up thereFather: preacher, activist in first black civil rights movement founded by MarcusGarvey- Nebraska, Omaha (birth of Malcolm) than moved to Lansing (father was treated by the ‚„Ku-Klux-Klan‚“)- Malcolm is the fourth of eight children- 1931 bus ran over father some thought Suizide- Malcolm thought he was killed by a white man- was involved in crimes (stealing, marihuana, burglary)- in 1939 his mother was sent to a mental institution- after this X was sent to a youth centre in 1939- he moved to his half-sister in Boston- he stayed long times in the ghetto and began to smoke ‚„Sweet Marijane‚“- 1945: he founded a gang of burglars- 1946 he was caught by the police and was arrested (for 6 years)- 1949 he entered the N.o.Malcolm XI. (Nation of Is lam) he got confidence through this organization- came free in 1952- he denied military service a second time - Korea war- he changed his name in Malcolm X through the organisation- 1958 he married Betty Jean Sanders- he got 4 children- X founded the Muslim Mosque Inc (March 1964)- 3 years later: X travelled to Mekka, Saudi-Arabia, Beirut, Egypt, Nigeria and Ghana- Because of this trip he changed his name in El-Haji Malik El-Shabazz- After the trip he founded a new organization called organization of afro-american unity (OAAU) the mainaim was the black nationalism in a new way (Blacks should have control over their living environment)- X gave his last speech at the 18 Feb in 1965- Someone shot at X‚s breast with a shotgun.- X‚s two organizations (OAAU and the Muslim Mosque)...

Friday, February 21, 2020

The Philosophy Way to Solve The Black Dahlia Case Research Paper

The Philosophy Way to Solve The Black Dahlia Case - Research Paper Example Besides mutilating and dissecting Short’s body, the killer drained her corpse of blood and scrubbed it clean. The media extensively covered the case. A lengthy and in-depth investigation of the case by the L.A.P.D. revealed a series of false reports (Jeter & Keller, 2015). A witness in Black Dahlia’s murder case reported seeing a black car parked in the area in the morning hours but could not provide the police with credible information. Currently, Black Dahlia’s murder is one of the case files in L.A and it is the city’s most famous case (Latson, 2015). Therefore, there is the necessity for proficient philosophical techniques to establish or initiate utmost justice or solution to Black Dahlia’s case. Almost seventy years after the murder of Elizabeth Short, investigators currently think that they are on the verge of finding out who killed her. The cold murder of Black Dahlia that left detectives, writers and filmmakers perturbed, could be solved from the specimen obtained from Hodel’s father, Dr. George Hill Hodel (Stone, 2013). The young Hodel believed that his father executed Black Dahlia’s murder. A team of experts conducted an extensive search of the doctor’s home where the officers had initially detected the scent of human decomposition in most areas of the basement. Soil samples from Dr. Hodel’s home were taken and submitted for lab test. Significant evidence against the doctor according to his son, entails a recording between the doctor and an unknown person whereby the doctor stated that supposed he killed Short they could not prove it because his secretary was already dead. However, based on the 2006 film ‘The Black Dahlia’, it is perceived that Elizabeth was murdered in one of the empty houses of Emmett Linscott. Elizabeth Short is alleged to have been acting pornographic movies. Bucky and Lee, a police officer, decides to investigate the cause of